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DUBLIN HISTORY - DUBLIN - HISTORY OF DUBLIN IRELAND

Dublin HistoryDublin History – Overlooked by the legendary Wicklow Mountains and a coast line boosting of the Irish Sea, Dublin can claim to be one of the most beautifully situated cities in the world.

Dublin was officially establishment in 988 A.D. Norman Vikings were the first settlers of the city, and many artefacts, old walls and buildings have been uncovered in the present city centre. Some of the Danes decided to stay and in the 9th century took over the town. The rebellious Irish wrested control of Dublin from the Danes on a number of occasions during the next three centuries. And finally in 1171 the Danes were expelled by the Anglo-Normans, led by Henry II, king of England.

Until the middle of the 17th century, Dublin was a small, walled medieval town. However, after the English Civil Wars in 1649, the town was taken over by Oliver Cromwell, and started to grow quickly with Protestant refugees from the European continent pouring into Dublin. In the course of the next century, Dublin grew enormously in size and wealth and soon became the second city of the British Empire.

In 1800 the Act of Union between England and Ireland abolished the Irish Parliament and drastically reduced Dublin's status. The city of Dublin was on the decline until Ireland became independent in 1922. This independence came about after the 1916 Rising and the subsequent War of Independence. Dublin was the scene of some of the most severe fighting of the Irish rebellion of 1916 and of the revolution of 1919 to 1921, which resulted in the establishment of the Irish Free State.

Maritime Trade has always been one of Dublin's most important activities. Dublin is Ireland's largest port and major exporter. It has also developed into the largest manufacturing city in Ireland. The city's most famous business is the Guinness Brewery, founded in 1759 and one of Ireland's largest employers and exporters. The city now has a population of over a million people.