History – Overlooked by the legendary
Wicklow Mountains and a coast line boosting of the
Irish Sea, Dublin can claim to be one of the most
beautifully situated cities in the world.
Dublin was officially establishment in 988 A.D. Norman
Vikings were the first settlers of the city,
and many artefacts, old walls and buildings have been
uncovered in the present city centre. Some of the
Danes decided to stay and in the 9th century took
over the town. The rebellious Irish wrested control
of Dublin from the Danes on a number of occasions
during the next three centuries. And finally in 1171
the Danes were expelled by the Anglo-Normans, led
by Henry II, king of England.
Until the middle of the 17th century, Dublin was
a small, walled medieval town. However, after the
English Civil Wars in 1649, the town
was taken over by Oliver Cromwell, and started to
grow quickly with Protestant refugees from the European
continent pouring into Dublin. In the course of the
next century, Dublin grew enormously in size and wealth
and soon became the second city of the British Empire.
In 1800 the Act of Union between England
and Ireland abolished the Irish Parliament
and drastically reduced Dublin's status. The city
of Dublin was on the decline until Ireland became
independent in 1922. This independence came about
after the 1916 Rising and the subsequent War of Independence.
Dublin was the scene of some of the most severe fighting
of the Irish rebellion of 1916 and of the revolution
of 1919 to 1921, which resulted in the establishment
of the Irish Free State.
Maritime Trade has always been one
of Dublin's most important activities. Dublin is Ireland's
largest port and major exporter. It has also developed
into the largest manufacturing city in Ireland. The
city's most famous business is the Guinness Brewery,
founded in 1759 and one of Ireland's largest employers
and exporters. The city now has a population of over
a million people.